Services and Rates

We provide a full range of services related to water quality management including standard limnological sampling and analyses, cyanotoxin analyses, the identification, culturing, and enumeration of phytoplankton and zooplankton, nutrient analyses, and experimental design and pond management consultation.  We aim to provide reliable and quick service at a fair price.  Discounts are available for bulk and/or simplified analyses.  Limited pro bono services may be available for some analyses for individuals or groups unable to cover expenses.  Services that we are unable to complete to your or our satisfaction will not be charged.  Methods for most of the offered services are published in the peer-reviewed, scientific literature and available below.  Feel free to contact us if you have any questions about existing or currently unlisted services.

Ready to send us samples?  Please include a completed service request form with the samples.

Service Cost Reference
Taste and odor analyses (SPME GC-MS)
2-Methylisoborneol in water $100 10
Geosmin in water $100 10
2-Methylisoborneol in fish $200 10
Geosmin in fish $200 10
Cyanotoxin analyses (ELISA)
Microcystin in algae (whole water or collected on filter) $75 13
Microcystin in water (whole water or dissolved) $75 13
Microcystin in fish tissue $150 13
Anatoxin-a in water $150 5
Cylindrospermopsin in water $150 5
Saxitoxin in water $150 5
Biological services
Phytoplankton identification $20 8
Phytoplankton culturing $100 14
Phytoplankton enumeration contact us 4
Zooplankton identification $50 1
Zooplankton culturing $100 9
Zooplankton enumeration contact us 12
Other water quality analyses
Chlorophyll a (phytoplankton; Chl a) $25 13
Phycocyanin (cyanobacteria; Phyc) $50 6
Total suspended solids (TSS) $25 2
Alkalinity (Alk) $25 11
Total phosphorus (TP) $30 3
Total nitrogen (TN) $30 3
Nitrate (NO3) $25 3
Nitrite (NO2) $25 3
Total ammonia nitrogen (TAN) $25 3
Soluble reactive phosphorus (SRP) $25 7



1. Edmundson, W.T. (1959) Freshwater Biology, Wiley.

2. EPA (1993) ESS Method 340.2: Total suspended solids, mass balance (dried at 103-105C), volatile suspended solids (ignited at 550C). Environmental Protection Agency.

3. Gross, A. & Boyd, C.E. (1998) A digestive procedure for the simultaneous determination of total nitrogen and total phosphorus in pond water. Journal of the World Aquaculture Society, 29, 300-303.

4. Hasle, G.R. (1978) The inverted-microscope method. In: Phytoplankton manual. (Ed: A. Sournia), pp. 88-96. UNESCO, Paris, France.

5. Hoeger, S.J., Shaw, G., Hitzfeld, B.C. & Dietrich, D.R. (2004) Occurrence and elimination of cyanobacterial toxins in two Australian drinking water treatment plants. Toxicon, 43, 639-649.

6. Kasinak, J.-M. E., B. M. Holt, M. F. Chislock, and A. E. Wilson. 2015. Benchtop fluorometry of phycocyanin as a rapid approach for estimating cyanobacterial biovolume. Journal of Plankton Research 37(1):248-257.

7. Murphy, J. & Riley, L.P. (1962) A modified single solution method for the determination of phosphate in natural waters. Analytica Chimica Acta, 27, 31-36.

8. Prescott, G.W. (1962) Algae of the western Great Lakes area, W. C. Brown Co., Dubuque, Iowa.

9. Sarnelle, O. & Wilson, A.E. (2005) Local adaptation of Daphnia pulicaria to toxic cyanobacteria. Limnology and Oceanography, 50, 1565-1570.

10. Schrader, K.K., Nanayakkara, N.P.D., Tucker, C.S., Rimando, A.M., GAnzera, M., and Schaneberg, B.T. (2003) Novel derivatives of 9,10-anthraquinone are selective algicides against the musty-odor cyanobacterium Oscillatoria perornata. Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 69, 5319-5327.

11. Wetzel, R.G. & Likens, G.E. (1991) Limnological Analyses, Spring-Verlag, Berlin.

12. Wilson, A.E. (2003) Effects of zebra mussels on phytoplankton and ciliates: a field mesocosm experiment. Journal of Plankton Research, 25, 905-915.

13. Wilson, A.E., Gossiaux, D.C., Höök, T.O., Berry, J.P., Landrum, P.F., Dyble, J. & Guildford, S.J. (2008) Evaluation of the human health threat associated with the hepatotoxin, microcystin, in the muscle and liver tissues of yellow perch (Perca flavescens). Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 65, 1487-1497. 

14. Wilson, A.E., Sarnelle, O., Neilan, B.A., Salmon, T.P., Gehringer, M.M. & Hay, M.E. (2005) Genetic variation of the bloom-forming cyanobacterium Microcystis aeruginosa within and among lakes: implications for harmful algal blooms. Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 71, 6126-6133.


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